The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is a student-centered system based on the workload students have to undertake in order to meet the objectives of an academic programme, which are defined in terms of learning outcomes and skills to be acquired. Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, self-study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.
ECTS makes it easier to understand and compare study programmes for both local and international students. It also facilitates international mobility and academic recognition. Here are some key facts:
- An ECTS credit is a numerical value that reflects the overall amount of work to be provided by the student in order to meet the programme’s objectives.
- Students can accumulate and transfer credits to obtain qualifications, to document learning and/or to continue their education at a different institution.
- Each degree requires that a specific number of credits be obtained and the duration of studies is expressed in ECTS credits.
- 60 ECTS credits are the equivalent to a full-time academic year.
- A European bachelor degree is obtained after successful completion of a study program with 180-240 ECTS credits. Bachelor programmes typically last three years.
- A European master degree is obtained after successful completion of a study program with 60-120 ECTS credits.
- The ECTS credits are registered throughout the academic year and are recorded at the end of each year on an annual Transcript of Records.